Can MRT alone solve the long-lived Jakarta’s traffic problem?
MRT Jakarta is a part of DKI Jakarta Provincial Government’s program to tackle with traffic problem called Macro Transportation Mode (PTM). , DKI Jakarta Provincial Government has set up strategies to lessen traffic jam, which are: (1) Prioritize the development of mass public transportation mode, (2) Add up road networks and (3) Limit traffic volume and the use of personal vehicle.
Will MRT Jakarta be integrated to the existing railway network?
As well as establishing a new network for MRT system, DKI Jakarta Provincial Government is working with the Central Government to develop an optimization for the existing loopline as part of the Jabodetabek urban railway system. As is illustrated in the DKI Jakarta area planning, the loopline system will be integrated with the MRT network. DKI Jakarta Administration targets to complete the optimization before the Phase 1 of MRT Jakarta operate.
Will the Government provide support to the MRT system once it operates?
PT MRT Jakarta is directed to be independent by doing some businesses in the implementation of public urban railway facilities and infrastructure, including the construction, operational, maintenance, and cultivating MRT facilities and infrastructure and also developing and managing the properties and businesses in the station, depots in surrounding areas and areas along the MRT Jakarta’s route.
There are several models that can be used as examples such as MRT operational in Hong Kong and Singapore. This discussion is currently being done in DKI Jakarta Provincial Government regarding facilities which will be given to PT MRT Jakarta. However, in principle, PT MRT Jakarta is directed to be independent by doing some businesses in the implementation of public urban railway facilities and infrastructure, including the construction, operational, maintenance, and cultivating MRT facilities and infrastructure and also developing and managing the properties and businesses in the station, depots in surrounding areas and areas along the MRT Jakarta’s route. This is stated in the Regional Regulation No. 3 Year 2008 concerning the establishment of PT MRT Jakarta BUMD and Regional Regulation No. 4 Year 2008 regarding Regional Investments in PT MRT Jakarta which was also approved by DKI Jakarta Province’s DPRD. Thus, the properties management and development in the station and areas surrounding can be given to PT MRT Jakarta with special rights.
Will MRT Jakarta able to solve the convoluted Jakarta traffic jam?
MRT Jakarta is one part of transportations solutions associated with how to transport passengers from one point of origin to the destination point quickly, effectively and efficiently. To overcome the traffic jam, other measures are necessary such as an improvement in traffic discipline, restrictions on traffic volume (the restriction on the usage of personal vehicle intensity policy through policy such as Electronic Road Pricing), encourage the user of personal vehicle to divert to MRT by providing park & ride facilities, integrate MRT system with other mass transit system such as public buses, busways, Jabodetabek trains.
MRT Jakarta system itself was established to answer the low mobility challenges due to a limited space to mobilize. The traffic jam caused by an imbalance between the road capacities and the volume of automobiles that went through. The advantages of MRT Jakarta system, which is reliable, on time, and affordable ticket price provides option for the personal vehicle users in particular to move to MRT. The reduced use of personal vehicles will increase space on the highway which resulted in the reduced of traffic jam and pollution level.